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Semmelweis University Gallery


Kenyeres, Balázs


(B. 21st February, 1865, Brassó – D. 10th February, 1940, Budapest)

Dean: 1919/20-1921/22

He pursued his secondary studies in Brassó and his medical studies in Budapest where he got his degree on 15 December, 1888. In the same year he became an intern, later the second, then the first assistant lecturer at the Institute of Forensic Medicine. From 1892 he was the police doctor of the metropolitan police. In 1894 he became privatdozent in the field of forensic medical research methodology. In 1895 he was assigned professor extraordinarius, and from the following year professor ordinarius of Ferenc József University in Kolozsvár. He was elected dean of the university three times (1897/98, 1904/05, 1911/12), rector in 1913/14 and vice-rector in the following year. Besides his university work he completed his tasks as forensic medical expert of Kolozsvár. He was requested to return to the University of Budapest in 1915 where he led the Institute of Forensic Medicine till his retirement (1935). Besides, he was the medical expert of the court of Budapest and that of the Pest suburbs. He undertook an active role in public life on the side of the Christian-national political course. Between 1922 – 1935 he was the chairman of the board of directors of the Horthy Miklós Collegium, and in the Turul Association he was the first person to fulfill the position of magister. He was a corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences from 2 May, 1918, then, from 16 May, 1935 he became a full member. In 1928 he was one of the founders of the Association of Hungarian Forensic Doctors, then from 1935 he was chairman, later honorary president of the association. From 1929 he was full member of the Szent István Academy. From 1937 he became a member of the Leopoldina German Academy of Natural Sciences and honorary member of the German Association of Forensic Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gerichtliche Medizin). In 1927 he was awarded the Balassa János prize. His name is famous for the introduction of X-ray examinations in forensic medical practice. Within forensic medicine he was an expert of histology. He was deeply engaged with the problems of separating human and animal bones at microscopic level, the morphological examination of shooting injuries and muscle- and connective tissue damage caused by bullet as well as the detection of gunpowder contamination on the body surface. As a university lecturer he contributed to laying down the the fundamentals for forensic doctor training in Hungary. He was dean of the Faculty of Medicine for two years (1920/21, 1921/22), then in the year of the 300th jubilee of the university (1934/35) he served as rector.

(Major works: Guidebook of medical rescue /with others/. Bp. 1891.; The development of forensic medicine. In: The development of practical medicine. Bp. 1894.; Observation samples for edition of medical expert reports. Bp. 1896.; Faults occurring in medical expert practice, their sources and tools for correction. In: Transylvanian Judiciary Bulletin, 1908.; Forensic Medicine I-III. Bp. 1909-11.; On self-mutilation. Kolozsvár, 1914.; Medical-natural sciences in the investigation of illegal acts. Kolozsvár, 1914.; On the newest studies in the area of injuries caused by firearms. Medicine, 1915.; Clarification of deaths after investigation and examination. In: Rend, 1925.; Tasks and criteria of feasibility of forensic medicine. Bp. 1925.; The textbook of forensic medicine I-II. Bp. 1925-26.; The role of doctor in jurisdiction. Bp. 1925.; Excerpts from an unwritten diary. Bp. 1933.; Sachliche Beweisung bei der Klärung von Todesfällen. Berlin-Leipzig, 1935.)