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Semmelweis University Gallery


Lenhossék, Mihály Ignác


(B. 11th May, 1773, Pozsony – D. 12th February, 1840, Buda)

Dean: 1809/10 – 1810/11, 1815/16 – 1816/17

Lenhossék was born as the son of a master joiner in Pozsony. His original surname was Linoschegg. He attended the secondary school of the Jesuits. His certificate of baccalaurate was issued for the name Lenhossék. He completed his philology studies, which were at he time considered as preparatory courses for university studies, in his native town. Lenhossék began his medical studies in Vienna and completed them in Pest in 1799 where the degree of medical doctor was conferred on him on 16th August, 1799. His Hungarian was rather poor, but he spoke Latin and German, his mother tongue, much better. Soon after receiving his degree he was elected head physician of Esztergom county. Lenhossék was bestowed nobility on 2nd September, 1808. He was appointed professor of physiology and higher anatomy (histology) on 29th November, 1808 which he continued to lecture on at the university in Vienna from 1819. He was elected judge of the Court of Appeal of Esztergom, Somogy and Pest counties. He moved in the highest circles of society, among others he was a family doctor and friend of count István Széchenyi. He was awarded with the Swedish Wasa Order in 1823. He was elected regular and honorary member of several foreign scientific societies (St. Petersburg, Berlin, Göttingen, Naples, etc.). He served as chief physician (protomedicus Hungariae) from 1825. His name is associated with the introduction of an obligatory vaccination against smallpox. He simultaneously served as counsellor to the royal governor, head of medical and surgical studies, and president of the Faculty of Medicine. He played a major role in the eradication of the cholera epidemic in 1831. He considered psychic processes significant in the development and management of diseases. He traced back symptoms of life to formal and chemical features of the organism. His major works were mainly of physiological and psychological nature. Lenhossék acted as dean of the university for two academic years (1809/1810, 1815/1816) and once as rector, in 1817/18.

(Major works: Untersuchungen über Leidenschaften und Gemüthsaffekten als Ursachen und Heilmittel der Krankheiten. Pest, 1804.; Introductio in methologiam physiologiae corporis humani. Pest, 1808. /Bécs, 1810./; Physiologia medicinalis I–V., Pest, 1816 és 1818.; Darstellung des menschlichen Gemüths in seinen Beziehungen zum geistigen und leiblichen Leben. Für Aerzte und Nichtärzte höherer Bildung. I–II., Wien, 1824–25.; Taxa medicamentorum pro regno Hungariae. Budae, 1829.; Animadversiones circa curandam choleram orientalem et alias epidemicos morbos in regno Hungariae… Budae, 1831. /in Hungarian and Italian, Pest, 1831. in Italian Padova, 1831. and in German and Italian Innsbruck, 1831./; Die Wuthkrankheit, nach bisherigen Beobachtungen und neuren Erfahrungen pathologisch und therapeutisch dargestellt. Pest und Leipzig, 1836.)