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Semmelweis University Gallery


Klug, Nándor


(of Tamásfalva)

(B. 18th October, 1845, Kotterbach, Szepes county – D. 14th May, 1909, Budapest)

Dean: 1898/99 - 1899/1900

He pursued his medical studies in Vienna and Pest. In Pest he obtained a degree in medicine on 24th December, 1870, a year later a degree as a master in obstetrics and in 1872 a diploma in surgery. From 1871 on, he became assistant lecturer of medical physics and from 1873 that of physiology beside Jenő Jendrassik. In 1874 he obtained qualification of privatdozent in medical physics (Vibration based symptoms of natural science). He spent the summer semester at the Institute of Physiology of Leipzig in 1876 where as a recognition of his activity he was chosen regular member of the Society of Physiology. Returning home in 1877 he was appointed professor extraordinarius of physiology. Next year he was invited to be head of the Institute of Physiology in Kolozsvár University, the building of which was designed according to his notions. He worked in Kolozsvár until August, 1891 and during this period he was notary of the faculty twice, dean three times and rector once (1889/90). He held the chair of the Department of Medical Nature Sciences of the Transylvanian Museum Society for two years, then he functioned as its secretary. After the death of Jendrassik he was appointed pofessor ordinarius of the Department of Physiology in Budapest in 1891, a position he kept until his death. He wrote a wide range of scientific works. At the beginning of his scientific activity he was engaged in research of the physiology of the sensory organs and the nervous system with special regard to the distinct forms of skin sensation, vision, organs of vision, as well as the physiology of hearing and auditory organs. He was also involved in research concerning physiology of the heart and circulatory system, innervation of the heart and the effect of nervus vagus on the heart. His interest later turned towards digestion and processes of metabolism, mainly their biochemistry. His two academic inaugural speeches were also made on these subjects. He was the editor of the periodicals of Hungarian Medical Archives and Ungarishes Archiv für Medicin and also took part in the compilation of Pallas great lexicon. In recognition of his merits he was raised to Hungarian nobility and was given the “tamásfalvi” title of nobility, then he was given the title of court councillor. On 8th May, 1890 he was chosen corresponding, then on 4th May, 1894, regular member of the Academy. He was also member of the Academia Medico-Fisico Florentina and the Deutsche Physiologische Gesellschaft. He was dean in Budapest for two academic years.

(Major works: Studies on mammalian cohlea. Budapest, 1873.; Color sensation with indirect vision. Budapest, 1875.; Human voice and speech. Budapest, 1877.; Textbook of human physiology I-II. Budapest, 1888.; Glue as a nutrient. Budapest, 1890. ( inaugural speech at the Academy); Memorial speech on regular member, Jenő Jendrassik. Memorial speeches at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 1892.; Facts to pepsin-digestion. Budapest, 1894. (inaugural speech at the Academy). Physiology of the sensory organs. Budapest, 1896.; Memorial Speech on Károly Frigyes Vilmos Ludwig, external member. Memorial Speeches at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Budapest, 1897.; Latest advancements in the physiology of metabolism. Budapest, 1904.)