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Semmelweis University Gallery


Balogh, Károly


(B. Krasznacégény, 13th February, 1895 – D. Budapest, 4th May, 1973)

Dean: 1946/47

He enrolled at the Medical Faculty of the University in Budapest in 1912, served in WW I as a medical officer in the front-line and was awarded several medals for his valor. After the armistice he was assigned to the military hospital where he took care of the wounded and, in turn, received meals so that he could continue his studies. He received his M.D. on 12th June, 1920. and became a trainee at the 1st Institute of Pathology of the University under the guidance of Professor Kálmán Buday In September 1921 he was offered to establish and run a Pathohistological Laboratory of the Clinic of Stomatology while training in oral medicine and surgery. Soon he started to publish articles in oral pathology and in 1925 his study on epulis (central giant cell granulomas) won an international travel grant for a longer study trip to London and Paris. After his training he advanced academically and was granted habilitation in the pathology and therapy of dental diseases as a Privatdozent (Lecturer) in 1933. He also had an active private practice. In 1940 he was appointed chief of the newly established Department of Stomatology in Szent István Hospital where he worked until May 1944 when returned to the university as professor and chairman of the Clinic of Stomatology. During the German occupation he was arrested by the Hungarian nazis for hiding Jewish people . Fortunately they could escape in time so that it could not be proven and Karoly Balogh was released. Not much later orders came to evacuate the university but he managed to prevent relocation of the Clinic and the equipment to be taken to Germany. Consequently after the war the Clinic could soon resume work. At the same time scientific activity blossomed. His main interests included tumors and inflammation of the mouth, gerontology, as well as the physiology and pathology of taste. He developed several instruments which oral surgeons have been using to this day (rasparatory, oral surgery clamp etc.). Professor Balogh played an important role in developing the Clinic of Stomatology and in 1953 was the founding father of the Dental Faculty (School) of Semmelweis Medical University. The Clinic was soon reorganized into four parts: the Clinic of Oral Surgery, founded in 1959, remained in the original building (of the Clinic of Stomatology) under the leadership of Károly Balogh until his retirement in September 1966. During his academic career he served as Dean three times (February-June 1945, 1947-1950 and 1953-1955). He was Dean of the Medical Faculty (1946/47), later Dean of the Dental Faculty (1955-1964). His accomplishments were recognized and he received numerous awards, among others with the Order of the Hungarian People’s Republic (1950,) the Grand Order of the Academy and the Árkövy Medallion (1963). He was president of the Dental Advisory Board of the Health Care Scientific Council He was elected honorary member by the Austrian Association of Dentists and a regular member of several scientific societies, including the oldest extant scientific academy, the Academia Leopoldina in Halle.

(Major scientific publications: Yearbook of the Clinic of Stomatology of the Royal Hungarian Pázmány Péter University in Budapest 1908-1933. Bp., 1933.; Stomatology – a university textbook, Budapest 1948. Dentistry, Budapest 1958; Tooth Extraction – Pocket books of the Practising Doctor. Bp. 1957.; Dentistry. A textbook. Bp. 1958, 1964 /4th revised edition/.; Dental and oral surgical anaesthesiology I-II. /co-author Miklós Bartha/ BOTE-Bp., 1960.; Gerostomatology /co-authors Károly Reimholz and Rudolf Rehák/. Bp-Leipzig. 1962.; Oral surgery. Bp. 1962.; Prevention of dental and oral diseases. /co-authors György Huszár and László Sugár/. Bp. 1965.; The tongue. /co-author Kornél Lelkes/. Bp. 1965.; over 300 scientific articles in American, Austrian, British, French, German, Hungarian and Italian scientific journals)